A Demat Account is a type of account that store shares and securities in electronic form. A Demat account is an abbreviation for a dematerialized account. The purpose of opening a Demat account is to hold shares. That purchase or dematerialize making online share trading easier for users.
What is Demat Account ?
A Demat Account also known as a Dematerialized Account. Allows you to hold shares and securities in an electronic format. Shares purchased and held in a account during online trading. Making it easier for users to trade. This Account consolidates all of an individual’s investments. In stocks, government securities, exchange-traded funds, bonds, and mutual funds.
Demat enabled the digitization of the Indian trading market. And compelled SEBI to improve governance. Furthermore, by storing securities in electronic format. The Dematerialized account reduced the risks of storing, theft, damage, and malpractices. NSE first introduced it in 1996. Initially, the account opening process was manual. And investors had to wait several days tp activate.
In today’s world, an account opened online in less than 5 minutes. The end-to-end digital process has aided in the spread of Demat. Which has skyrocketed since the pandemic.
What is Demat ?
Demat is the process of converting physical share certificates into electronic form. Which is much easier to maintain. And also access from anywhere in the world. An investor who wishes to trade online. Must first open a Dematerialized account with a Depository Participant (DP).
The goal of dematerialization is to remove the need for investors to hold physical share certificates. While also allowing for seamless tracking and monitoring of holdings.
Previously, the process of issuing share certificates was time-consuming and difficult . Which Dematerialized has helped to transform by speeding up the entire process. And storing security certificates in digital format. Once your Dematerialized account activated.
You can convert paper certificates to digital format. By submitting all of your physical securities with a Dematerialization Request Form (DRF). Also, remember to deface each physical certificate with the words “Surrendered for Dematerialization”. When you surrender your share certificates, you give an acknowledgement slip.
Why Demat Account is Important?
A Dematerialized account is a convenient and digitally secure way to hold shares and securities. It prevents physical certificate theft, forgery, loss, and damage. You can transfer securities immediately with a Dematerialized account. The shares digitally transferred to your account.
Once the trade approve. Furthermore, in the event of events such as stock bonuses, mergers, and so on. Shares automatically credit to your account. By logging into the website. You can access your Dematerialized account information regarding these activities.
You can trade on the go with your smartphone or desktop computer. As a result, you do not need to go to the stock exchange to transact.
You also save money on transaction costs. Because there is no stamp duty involve in the transfer of shares. These features and benefits of a Dematerialized account encourage investors to trade more frequently. Increasing the potential for lucrative returns.
Advantages of a Demat Account:
Shares transferred in an orderly and timely manner.
Allows for the digitally secured storage of securities.
Security certificates no longer stolen, forgeries, lost, or damage.
Trading activities easily track.
Access at all times
Allows for the addition of beneficiaries
Bonus stock crediting, rights issues, and split shares are all examples of automatic crediting.
Purpose of a Demat Account in Trading?
Trading through a Dematerialized account is similar to trading in person. Except that a Demat account is electronic. You start trading by entering. An order into your online trading account. Both trading and Dematerialized accounts linked for this purpose. When an order is place.
It is process by the exchange. Before final processing of the order. The Dematerialized account details the market price of shares. And the availability of shares is verified. Following the completion of the processing. The shares reflect in your statement of holdings.
When a shareholder wishes to sell shares. A delivery instruction note detailing the stock must be provided. The account is then debit for the shares. And the cash value is credit to the trading account.
Demat Account Explained
According to the Depository Act of 1996. Having a Dematerialized account require. In order to facilitate this. The National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) was found in 1996. Three years later, the Central Depository Services Limited (CDSL) became the second such institution.
The two agencies work together as the custodians of all electronic securities held by investors. They provide the Demat account opening service. Through a number of depository participants. SEBI has registered both agencies and their partner brokers.
The opening of a Dematerialized account involves three parties: your bank, the depository participant, and the depository. Tagging your bank account with your Demat account. Is essential for smooth trading. When you link your account details.
The money is debit directly from your bank account. When you buy shares. And the proceeds are automatically credit when you sell.
A non-banking financial institution, a bank, or a stockbroker can all be depository participants. To open a Demat account, you would need to contact a Depository Participant. Obviously, the third party is the depository. They are in charge of the Demat account on your behalf.
Types of Demat Account:
When opening a Dematerialized account, investors must carefully select the type of Dematerialized account that best fits their needs. A regular Demat account is the most common type. An online account opening process allows any Indian investor.
Or resident Indian to open a standard Demat account in a matter of minutes. There are two types of Dematerialized accounts in addition to the standard Demat account. Let’s take a closer look at them.
There are two kinds of Dematerialized accounts: repatriable and non-repatriable. Repatriable funds are held in a separate bank account called the Non-Resident External Account (NRE account). Repatriable funds are funds that can be transfer outside of the country.
The investments made with these funds are kept in a separate account. The investments made with repatriable funds are held in the Repatriable Dematerialized account. Non-repatriable funds, on the other hand are deposited in a separate bank account known as the Non Resident Ordinary Account.
The investments made with non-repatriable funds are held in the Non-repatriable Dematerialized account. Money can be transferred easily from an NRE account to an NRO account. However, once the transfer is completed, the repatriability is lost and the funds cannot be returned to the NRE account.
Demat Account Types Include
A regular Dematerialized account is for resident Indian investors. Who want to trade in shares on their own and require security storage. When you sell stocks, your Demat account is debited, and when you buy, your account is credited. You do not need a Dematerialized account if you trade F&O because these contracts do not require storage.
Services Fundamentals Dematerialized Account: The SEBI has introduced a new type of Demat account. If the account’s holding value is less than Rs 50,000, no maintenance changes are made. The difference between Rs 50,000 and Rs 2 lakh is Rs 100. The new account type is aimed at new investors who have yet to open a Demat account.
Non-resident Indian investors open a repatriable Demat account to transfer their earnings from the Indian market abroad. To receive payments from a repatriable account. You must close your regular Demat account in India and open a non-resident external account.
Non-repatriable account: This account is also for non-resident Indians. But it does not allow funds to be transferred to other countries.
In conclusion, Dematerialization is a correct method of preserving records online in a Demat account. And it is intended to provide better security and speed when purchasing and selling in an electronic form.
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