What are Trending and Range Bound Currencies


The Forex market has Trending and range bound currencies. Also trends more than the stock market as a whole. Why? The micro-dynamics of individual corporations regulate the equity market, which is essentially a market of many individual equities. On the other side, macroeconomic trends drive the Forex market, which might take years to play out.

The main pairings and commodities block currencies are the greatest indicators of these changes. We’ll look at these patterns and see where and why they occur. Then we look at which sorts of pairings give the best range bound currency trading possibilities.

When Does a Currency Pair Become Range Bound Currencies?

When price movement of currency pair stays inside limited trading window the trader calls the trading environment as range-bound. That is, the high and low price points of the currency pair are reasonably predictable.

The price remains within same range. But frequently is either the high or low point before returning well inside the range. Currency is said to be trading in range even when values are moving laterally or fluctuating inside a horizontal frame.

When currencies are trading in range most traders have a problem: there is no clear pattern that the price follows. In practice, predicting when the price will change, in which direction, and to what extent is a near-impossible endeavor. In such conditions, determining when to enter or quit deals for optimum profit becomes challenging.

When is a Currency in the Market Trending Currency Pairs?

When a currency displays a substantial movement in one direction, it is said to be trending in the market. Trending currency pair is defined by its consistent upward or downward movement over a period of time. It may ranging from a few weeks to more than a year. Short-term trends often last a few weeks to a month.

Long-term ones may last for more than a year. Short-term trends typically provide excellent possibilities for forex traders who use long-term trends to determine when and whether to enter or quit a pair.

Is Your Currency Pair Trending or Trading in a Range?

Currency Market Trend Analysis

Certain factors are used by experts to identify whether a currency pair is trading range-bound or trending:

Average Directional Index 

ADI (Average Directional Index) is a metric that measures how well. The ADX is one of the most important indicators for determining if a currency pair is trading range-bound or trending. As well as assessing the trend’s strength.

A range-bound currency pair has a falling ADX level (20 and falling). Trending pair has rising ADX level (20 and rising) (25 and growing to indicate that the trend is gaining strength).

Bollinger Bands

Bollinger Bands collection of bands created by Bollinger. They are a popular tool for Forex traders since they are a crucial indication of volatility. Range bound trading suggested when the bands clustered and expand together. The bands are tight and close, and the currency’s price oscillates within a limited gap.

Moving Average Convergence Divergence 

Average of Moving Averages Divergence Convergence. MACD is a popular momentum indicator that compares two Exponential Moving Averages and draws a single line to represent the difference.

When the MACD is above zero, it indicates positive momentum; when it is below zero, it indicates negative momentum. The currency pair is trending when the line is rising, and it is trading range-bound when the line is falling.


Volatility describe the degree to which something can change. The amount of volatility in a currency pair can also indicate whether it is trending or range-bound. When volatility is high, the currency pair is trending, whereas when volatility is low, prices move within a narrow range, or range-bound of Currencies.


In Forex, there are just four main currency pairings, making it simple to keep track of the market.

The Most Important Trending Currency Pairs

They are as follows

EUR/USD is the exchange rate between the euro and the US dollar.

USD/JPY is the exchange rate between the US dollar and the Japanese yen.

GBP/USD is the exchange rate between the British pound and the US dollar.

USD/CHF is the exchange rate between the US dollar and the Swiss franc.

It’s easy to see why the United States, the European Union2, and Japan have the world’s most active and liquid currencies, but why the United Kingdom?

After all, India has a bigger GDP ($2.65 trillion against $2.63 trillion for the UK) in 2020, while Russia’s ($1.57 trillion) and Brazil’s ($2.05 trillion) GDPs are practically identical to the UK’s total economic output.

Tradition is the explanation, which applies to much of the currencies in market. The United Kingdom was the first country in the world to create sophisticated financial markets, and the British pound, rather than the US dollar, was formerly the world’s reserve currency.

The pound is still regarded one of the world’s major currencies as a result of this history and London’s prominence as the worldwide centre of currency transactions.

The Swiss franc, on the other hand, is one of the four main currencies due to Switzerland’s renowned neutrality and fiscal conservatism. Although the Swiss franc was formerly 40% backed by gold, it is still referred to as “liquid gold” by many forex traders. Traders resort to the Swiss franc as a safe-haven currency during times of economic upheaval or stagflation.


The EUR/USD is the world’s largest significant range bond pair and, in fact, the single most liquid financial asset. This pair trades about $1 trillion in notional value every day, 24 hours a day, five days a week, from Tokyo to London and New York.

7 The two currencies reflect the world’s two greatest economic entities: the United States, which has a $21.43 trillion8 yearly GDP, and the Eurozone, which has a GDP of around $13,335.84 billion.

Despite the fact that the United States’ economic growth has outpaced that of the Eurozone (3.1 percent vs. 1.6 percent), the Eurozone economy generates net trade surpluses, whilst the United States suffers chronic trade deficits.

The Eurozone’s stronger balance-sheet position – along with the sheer size of the Eurozone economy—has made the euro an appealing option to the dollar as a reserve currency.

As a result, numerous central banks have diversified their reserves into the euro, including Russia, Brazil, and South Korea. Clearly, this diversification process, like many other events or adjustments that impact the currency market, has taken time. As a result, a longer-term vision is one of the most important characteristics of effective trend trading in forex.


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