Currency Carry Trade

Currency Carry Trade

To take advantage of the interest rate difference, a currency carry Trade is a trading technique that involves borrowing a low-yielding currency and investing in a high-yielding asset. In carry trades, traders borrow low-interest Japanese yen to purchase higher-interest currencies. They frequently seen in forex trading. In our comprehensive guide, find out which currency pairs perform the technique the best and how to use it yourself.

A Carry Trade is What

In order to profit from the difference in interest rates, a carry trade is a forex trading technique that entails borrowing a currency with a low yield (low interest rate) and using it to purchase a currency with a higher yield (high interest rate). Due to their wide interest rate disparities, the Australian dollar and the Japanese yen, as well as the New Zealand dollar and the Japanese yen, are two common carry trade currency pairs.

Although interest rates stated as an annual average. They are subject to daily change at the whim of central banks. According to their economic policies, some nations, however, aim to keep their interest rates high or low for an extended period of time, giving traders time to profit from carry trades. A currency carry transaction, typically left open for a number of months.

Currency carry trades may appear to be a low-risk strategy at first glance, but there are traps you should be aware of. For instance, a slight decline in the value of the target currency might quickly wipe out any profits from the interest rate disparity. When the currency pair you’re utilising suffers little volatility, carry trades are at their most profitable.

What is the Process of a Carry Trade Strategy

Utilizing various rates of currency appreciation. That primarily driven by inflation and interest rates, the carry trade technique works. In a carry trade, you borrow money in a low-return currency to buy money with a higher yield, which allows your money to grow more quickly than it would if it were in the low-yield currency.

There are primarily two ways to carry out a deal. The first is to buy other assets with the money you borrowed. In this scenario, you would borrow money at a low interest rate and invest it in a different asset. That would generate a better return and denominated in the higher yielding currency.

However, using other assets increases the risks associated with this potentially successful strategy. Instead, a large number of traders use rollover rates to keep their carry trade within the forex market.

The FX Carry Trade Primarily Consists of Two Elements

Modifications to Interest Rates

The difference in interest rates between the two traded currencies is the main part of the carry trade. The trader will earn from the overnight interest payment even if the exchange rate between the two currencies stays the same. The carry trade approach, however, may be at risk as time goes on because central banks may decide it is necessary to change interest rates.

An Increase or Decline in Exchange Rates

The exchange rate between the two currencies is the subject of the other part of the carry trade strategy. When going long, a trader watches for the target currency to appreciate (grow in value). When this occurs, the trader receives both the daily interest payment and any unrealized currency gains. However, the trader’s anticipated profit from the target currency’s appreciation won’t materialise until after the trade is closed.

A trader could experience a loss if the target currency depreciates in value relative to the funding currency to the point where the capital depreciation cancels out the positive interest payments.


Using the previous example, if the Australian Official Cash Rate is currently at 4% and the Japanese Yen yields 0%, a trader may choose to open a long position on AUD/JPY if they believe the pair will increase.

A Forex Carry Trade Example Employing the AUD/JPY

In order to profit from the interest rate difference, traders will basically borrow Yen at a much lower rate than the Australian dollar and pay that back at a higher rate. Retail traders will actually gain less than 4% because spreads are frequently used by forex brokers.

Read our article on understanding foreign exchange rollover for a full explanation of how to compute the approximate overnight interest charge/gain.

Best Carry Trade Pairings

The optimum currency pair for carry trades consists of a base currency with a high interest rate and a secondary currency with a low interest rate. The alternative currencies are crucial in this situation.

The Japanese yen (JPY) and the Swiss franc (CHF) are two common secondary currencies for positive carry trades (CHF). When it comes to high-yield base currencies, traders have more options. The Australian dollar and the euro are two common ones. CAD/CHF, NZD/CHF, USD/JPY, and other currency pairs that stand for stable economies and low-risk nations are also included. All of these currency pairs are instances of stable economies with wide interest rate spreads.

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