5 Essential Key Elements for Financial Planning

basic elements of financial planning

What Elements Make Up A Financial Plan?

A Financial planning includes your long term and short term and other possible investments. These will give you advantage in developing a well defined financial plan. The amount of money invested and the time it takes to reach your goals can both affect how effective a financial plan is. Analyzing each element of a financial strategy is essential before planning and putting it into action.

A Financial Plan Has These Five Elements

We should all make financial planning a priority in our lives. The best savings plan you can buy is not the only way to improve your financial planning. The following are the five elements of a financial plan:

1. Goal Recognition

Desires and objectives will recognize and understood. The clarity of your objectives will determine how effective the plan is. Making a list of your objectives could help you gain clarity.


Objectives are those that you hope to accomplish in the next five years. Settlement of prior debts, acquisition of luxuries or minor assets.


Start your own business, buy a house, and pursue other ambitious plans that will require a significant expenditure over the next five to ten years.

Long-term objectives

These are goals that are expected to complete in more than ten years. Some of the fundamental long-term goals are retirement and education. Sometimes goals seem impossible to achieve. To reduce the distance between your goals, you must have thorough planning and clarity.

elements of financial planning
Elements of financial planning

2. Assets and Liabilities List

It is easy to see your present financial value by listing your assets and liabilities. You have assets if you own goods or resources that you could barter for money. Your assets include your real estate, stocks, jewellery, car, machinery, and other possessions.

Note that depreciating assets include things like machinery and vehicles. Debts, mortgaged property, and unpaid loans are all examples of liabilities. There are three distinct categories of liabilities: Current liabilities are obligations that must paid off immediately, typically within a year.

Non-current liabilities are long-term obligations that must paid over a period of time.

Contingent liabilities are those whose occurrence is contingent upon the results of future events. Also, depending on the conditions, there is an equal chance that the responsibility may materialize.

3. Monitoring of Cash Flow and Expenses

A thorough summary of your income and expenses is provided by an income statement or bank account statement. The quantity of money entering and leaving your bank account known as cash flow. Some of the sources of income that are permanent include salaries, returns on investments, etc. Bonuses, awards, and dividends on stocks are examples of temporary or unstructured income.

The amount you must spend is an expense, which can be divided into necessities and extravagances. The ratio of your necessities, wants, and savings used to organize your structure or cash flow. The well recognized ratio is 5:3:2.

Needs include things like monthly rent, EMIs, food and groceries, gas or other transportation costs, maintenance, etc. Resources that are less necessary and lower on your list of priorities are referred to as luxury. The best examples include eating out, going to the movies, and subscription services.

4. Planning for Insurance

Your set take-home pay may used as savings for investments or as an emergency fund. Insurance plans may be the possible resources that help you in difficult and terrible circumstances. The insurance coverage you choose will depend on the objectives you hope to accomplish. The most typical and well-liked insurance programmes are:

Plan for Term Life Insurance

One of the simplest and least expensive insurance policies you can buy is term life insurance. The policy covers death risk, and in the event of the applicant’s passing, the maturity amount given to the nominee. By purchasing add-ons, the benefits of the term insurance can be extended.

Plans with unit-linked insurance are referred to as ULIPs. Benefits from this policy fall into three categories: insurance coverage, wealth expansion, and tax savings. ULIPs can tailored to meet your investment and insurance needs.

Child Plan

You may experience constant tension as a parent worried about your child’s future. Plans for children’s insurance cover every step of your child’s life, including college, overseas study, weddings, etc.

5. Retirement Strategy

After retirement, you will rely on the income from these insurance policies. In India, they mature after age 65 and are long-term plans. Retirement plan distributions have to be made ro all at once or in instalments such as monthly or quarterly. You can live freely if you have a retirement plan. Find out how to begin making retirement plans.

It’s vital to remember that, in the terrible event of the applicant’s passing, the nominee may make a claim under any insurance policies. Additionally, the charge, interest rate, and extra advantages differ from bank to bank. Control and Improvement

It is the only way to verify that your existing strategies are successful and developing well. Maintaining regular records of your assets, enrolment plans, and stock and mutual fund investments. Making use of your priceless assets to raise the liquidity ratio.


Examining your expense-to-income ratio and reducing overhead costs to enable future investment your investment culminates in goals, and there may be occasions when you feel that they could be better organized and improved.

In these circumstances, restructuring would be a smart move, so stick with your current goals. Planning an early retirement is one such example; you can personalize your premium amount and request an early maturity.

Your concerns about investments might be allayed by Canara HSBC Oriental Bank of Commerce Life Insurance. They offer a wide range of reliable and scalable insurance products that invest your money in the best method to make your objectives attainable.

Health insurance, protection plans, savings plans, child plans, retirement and pension plans are just a few of the many policies we offer.

Visit us : www.milliva.com

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