What are Trending and Range Bound Currencies

The Forex market has Trending and range bound currencies. Also trends more than the stock market as a whole. Why? The micro-dynamics of individual corporations regulate the equity market, which is essentially a market of many individual equities. On the other side, macroeconomic trends drive the Forex market, which might take years to play out.

The main pairings and commodities block currencies are the greatest indicators of these changes. We’ll look at these patterns and see where and why they occur. Then we look at which sorts of pairings give the best range bound currency trading possibilities.

When Does a Currency Pair Become Range Bound Currencies?

When price movement of currency pair stays inside limited trading window the trader calls the trading environment as range-bound. That is, the high and low price points of the currency pair are reasonably predictable.

The price remains within same range. But frequently is either the high or low point before returning well inside the range. Currency is said to be trading in range even when values are moving laterally or fluctuating inside a horizontal frame.

When currencies are trading in range most traders have a problem: there is no clear pattern that the price follows. In practice, predicting when the price will change, in which direction, and to what extent is a near-impossible endeavor. In such conditions, determining when to enter or quit deals for optimum profit becomes challenging.

When is a Currency in the Market Trending Currency Pairs?

When a currency displays a substantial movement in one direction, it is said to be trending in the market. Trending currency pair is defined by its consistent upward or downward movement over a period of time. It may ranging from a few weeks to more than a year. Short-term trends often last a few weeks to a month.

Long-term ones may last for more than a year. Short-term trends typically provide excellent possibilities for forex traders who use long-term trends to determine when and whether to enter or quit a pair.

Is Your Currency Pair Trending or Trading in a Range?

Currency Market Trend Analysis:

Certain factors are used by experts to identify whether a currency pair is trading range-bound or trending:

Average Directional Index 

ADI (Average Directional Index) is a metric that measures how well. The ADX is one of the most important indicators for determining if a currency pair is trading range-bound or trending. As well as assessing the trend’s strength.

A range-bound currency pair has a falling ADX level (20 and falling). Trending pair has rising ADX level (20 and rising) (25 and growing to indicate that the trend is gaining strength).

Bollinger Bands

Bollinger Bands collection of bands created by Bollinger. They are a popular tool for Forex traders since they are a crucial indication of volatility. Range bound trading suggested when the bands clustered and expand together. The bands are tight and close, and the currency’s price oscillates within a limited gap.

Moving Average Convergence Divergence 

Average of Moving Averages Divergence Convergence Divergence Convergence Divergence Convergence. MACD is a popular momentum indicator that compares two Exponential Moving Averages and draws a single line to represent the difference.

When the MACD is above zero, it indicates positive momentum; when it is below zero, it indicates negative momentum. The currency pair is trending when the line is rising, and it is trading range-bound when the line is falling.


Volatility describe the degree to which something can change. The amount of volatility in a currency pair can also indicate whether it is trending or range-bound. When volatility is high, the currency pair is trending, whereas when volatility is low, prices move within a narrow range, or range-bound of Currencies.


In Forex, there are just four main currency pairings, making it simple to keep track of the market.

The Most Important Trending Currency Pairs

They are as follows:

EUR/USD is the exchange rate between the euro and the US dollar.

USD/JPY is the exchange rate between the US dollar and the Japanese yen.

GBP/USD is the exchange rate between the British pound and the US dollar.

USD/CHF is the exchange rate between the US dollar and the Swiss franc.

It’s easy to see why the United States, the European Union2, and Japan have the world’s most active and liquid currencies, but why the United Kingdom?

After all, India has a bigger GDP ($2.65 trillion against $2.63 trillion for the UK) in 2020, while Russia’s ($1.57 trillion) and Brazil’s ($2.05 trillion) GDPs are practically identical to the UK’s total economic output.

Tradition is the explanation, which applies to much of the currencies in market. The United Kingdom was the first country in the world to create sophisticated financial markets, and the British pound, rather than the US dollar, was formerly the world’s reserve currency.

The pound is still regarded one of the world’s major currencies as a result of this history and London’s prominence as the worldwide centre of currency transactions.

The Swiss franc, on the other hand, is one of the four main currencies due to Switzerland’s renowned neutrality and fiscal conservatism. Although the Swiss franc was formerly 40% backed by gold, it is still referred to as “liquid gold” by many forex traders. Traders resort to the Swiss franc as a safe-haven currency during times of economic upheaval or stagflation.


The EUR/USD is the world’s largest significant range bond pair and, in fact, the single most liquid financial asset. This pair trades about $1 trillion in notional value every day, 24 hours a day, five days a week, from Tokyo to London and New York.

7 The two currencies reflect the world’s two greatest economic entities: the United States, which has a $21.43 trillion8 yearly GDP, and the Eurozone, which has a GDP of around $13,335.84 billion.

Despite the fact that the United States’ economic growth has outpaced that of the Eurozone (3.1 percent vs. 1.6 percent), the Eurozone economy generates net trade surpluses, whilst the United States suffers chronic trade deficits.

The Eurozone’s stronger balance-sheet position – along with the sheer size of the Eurozone economy—has made the euro an appealing option to the dollar as a reserve currency.

As a result, numerous central banks have diversified their reserves into the euro, including Russia, Brazil, and South Korea. Clearly, this diversification process, like many other events or adjustments that impact the currency market, has taken time. As a result, a longer-term vision is one of the most important characteristics of effective trend trading in forex.


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Top 4 Types of Trend Indicator in Forex Trading

Many forex traders waste time seeking for the right timing to join the market or a telltale indication. That says “buy” or “sell.” While the hunt might be exciting, the end outcome is always the same. The fact is that there is no one-size-fits-all approach to trading the FX markets. As a consequence, traders must get familiar with the many market trend indicator. That may assist them in determining the optimal moment to purchase or sell a currency cross rate.

The most successful forex traders relay on four main market trend indicators.

No.1: A Trend-Following Tool

This is one of the most important trend indicator. It is feasible to profit from a countertrend trading strategy. For most traders easiest way is to detect the big trend’s direction. And seek to benefit by trading in that direction. This is where trend-following software may help.

While it is feasible to utilise a trend-following tool. As a standalone trading strategy, the true function of a trend-following tool is to indicate. Whether you should be seeking to initiate a long or short position. So let’s take a look at one of the most basic trend-following techniques: the moving average crossover.

Many investors may say that a certain combination is the greatest, but the truth is that there is no such thing as a “best” moving average combination. Finally, forex traders will gain the most by determining which combination (or combinations) best suit their time periods. The trend, as demonstrated by these indicators, should utilised to determine whether traders should go long or short; it should not used to timing entry and exits.

No. 2: A Tool for Confirming Trends

We now have a trend-following technology that can tell us if a currency pair’s primary trend is up or down. But how trustworthy is that metric? Trend-following tools, previously stated, prone to getting whipsawed. As a result, having a mechanism to determine whether or not the present trend-following indicator is right would be beneficial.

We’ll use a trend-confirmation tool for this. A trend-confirmation tool, like a trend-following tool, may or may not designed to provide particular buy and sell recommendations. Rather, interested in seeing if the trend-following and trend-confirmation tools agree.

In other words, if both the trend-following and trend-confirmation tools are positive, a trader can be more confident in initiating a long position in the currency pair. If both are bearish, the trader can concentrate on finding a way to sell short the currency pair in issue.

moving average convergence divergence

The moving average convergence divergence is one of the most popular—and useful—trend confirmation methods (MACD). The difference between two exponentially smoothed moving averages is the initial metric used by this indicator. After then, the difference is smoothed and compared to its own moving average.

The histogram at the bottom of the chart below is positive, indicating that the current smoothed average is above its own moving average, indicating that an uptrend is verified. The histogram at the bottom of the chart is negative when the current smoothed average is below its moving average, suggesting a downtrend.

In other words, we have a confirmed downtrend when the trend-following moving average combination is bearish (short-term average below long-term average) and the MACD histogram is negative. We have a verified rise when both are positive.

Another trend-confirmation indicator included at the bottom of the chart, which might used in addition to (or instead of) MACD. It’s a measure of how quickly something changes (ROC).

The price is greater now than it was 28 days ago if the reading is above 1.00, and vice versa if the reading is below 1.00. A 28-day moving average of daily ROC values represented by the blue line. If the red line is higher than the blue line, the ROC is indicating an upward trend. We have a verified decline if the red line is below the blue line.

The euro/yen cross witnessed strong price decreases from mid-January to mid-February, late April through May, and the second half of August, all of which were accompanied by:

Below the 200-day moving average is the 50-day moving average.

A MACD histogram that is negative

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No. 3: overbought or oversold tool.

A trader must determine comfortable stepping in as soon as a clear trend developed or after a retreat happens after electing to follow the direction of the big trend. To put it another way, if the trend is bullish, the question becomes whether to purchase into strength or weakness.

You might try entering a trade as soon as an upswing or decline is verified if you want to get in as soon as feasible. You may, on the other hand, wait for a downturn inside the wider general main trend in the expectation of a lower-risk opportunity. For instance, a trader will employ an overbought/oversold indicator.

In general, a trader wanting to enter on pullbacks would consider going long if the 50-day moving average is above the 200-day and the three-day RSI falls below a given threshold, such as 20, indicating an oversold position.

In contrast, if the 50-day is below the 200-day and the three-day RSI climbs beyond a given level, such as 80, the trader may consider opening a short position, indicating an overbought situation. Varying traders may opt to use different degrees of triggers.

No.4: A Profit-Taking Tool

The last form of indication a forex trader requires is one that aids in determining when to exit a profitable deal. Here, too, there are many choices available. The three-day RSI, in fact, falls under this group. In other words, if the three-day RSI rises to a high level of 80 or more, a trader holding a long position could consider taking some gains.

A trader with a short position, on the other hand, would consider taking a profit if the three-day RSI falls to a low level, such as 20 or less.

Bollinger Bands, a prominent indicator, is another effective profit-taking technique. To build trading “bands,” this tool takes the standard deviation of price-data changes over a period and adds and subtracts it from the average closing price over that same time frame. While many traders use Bollinger Bands to gauge trade entry, they may also be used to take profits.

A “trailing stop” would be a last profit-taking instrument. Trailing stops are commonly employed to provide a trade the ability to let profits run while also aiming to avoid losing any profits that have built. A trailing halt can be reached in a variety of ways.


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